Source: Plan International
Perception and Practice in Addis Ababa and the Regional States of Oromia, Amhara and SNNPR, Ethiopia Given that Ethiopia is one of the few countries in the world with no birth registration system, the births of around 2.9 million children every year are not legally recognised. Consequently, Plan and the African Child Policy Forum initiated this study with the overall objective of developing a comprehensive understanding of birth registration in Ethiopia from the local up to the institutional level and, based on this understanding, proposing a multi-stakeholder approach for a fully functional birth registration system in Ethiopia that is compulsory, universal, permanent and continuous. The study covered Addis Ababa and the regional states of Oromia, Amhara and SNNPR with a total target of 531 informants (40 per cent female) representing: policy makers, including members of parliament; sectoral offices, including health and education, law enforcement and judicial agencies; birth certificate issuing institutions, including hospitals, churches and municipalities; service seekers of registering institutions; school principals and children; children in difficult circumstances; and community representatives drawn from the local administration, religious leaders, community-based organisations and women/youth associations. The methodology of the study was a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods covering different visual and oral as well as group and individual data collection techniques. The study also included a review of the legal and policy framework for a birth registration system.