Citizenship in the Seychelles is set out in Chapter II of the 1993 Constitution, as amended to 2011, and is further clarified in the 1994 Citizenship Act, which replaced the 1976 Citizenship Ordinance. The 1994 Citizenship Act was amended in 2013 to change the provisions on naturalisation, including to permit “citizenship by investment”, and on deprivation of citizenship.

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child expressed its concern in 2018 that the Citizenship Act does not provide for the acquisition of citizenship by children of unknown parents found on the territory, leaving them at the risk of statelessness.