Nationality in Djibouti is governed by the 2004 Code de la nationalité djiboutienne, which replaced the law adopted in 1981.

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has noted that several of its concerns and recommendations related to birth registration have been addressed by Djibouti. They noted some improvements in the process of birth registration, but expressed concern that these efforts have been limited to school-going children living in one city.