Citizenship in Lesotho is governed by the 1993 Constitution, Chapter IV on Citizenship, which provides for citizenship to be attributed at birth based on birth in Lesotho.

The law does not allow for dual citizenship. Considering Lesotho’s geographic location being surrounded by South Africa, and the many Basotho who are migrant workers, the issue of dual citizenship has led to litigation in the Lesotho courts.

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has expressed concern about the low level of birth registration.