Nationality in Angola is governed by the 2016 Lei da nacionalidade, which provides for nationality to be transmitted equally to their children by either parent, for attribution of nationality to a child of unknown parents, and for acquisition of nationality by a child born on the territory who would otherwise be stateless or whose parents are of unknown nationality.

The key document in proving Angolan nationality is the cédula pessoal. In 2007 UNHCR facilitated the reintegration of Angolan returnees by providing Angolan cédulas pessoais, which would also enable them to get basic services and recognition as citizens.

In considering the situation in Angola, the Committee on the Rights of the Child called in 2004 for birth registration to made easy and free to all children born within the country.