The date of entry into force of the Transitional Federal Charter is unclear. Delegates to the Somalia National Reconciliation Conference held in Kenya adopted a draft of the text at a plenary meeting of the Conference on 15 September 2003. The draft outlined a five-year mandate leading to the establishment of a new Somali constitution and national elections. On 29 January 2004, some Somali leaders involved in the negotiations signed a document which proposed amendments to the September 2003 version of the Charter. However, not all faction leaders signed. The Somali National Reconciliation Conference formally concluded on 14 October 2004 with the swearing-in of Colonel Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed as President of Somalia.
See Report of the Secretary General on the Situation in Somalia, United Nations S/2004/115, 12 February 2004; Report of the Secretary General on the Situation in Somalia, United Nations S/2004/469, 9 June 2004; Report of the Secretary General on the Situation in Somalia, United Nations S/2005/99, 18 February 2005; International Crisis Group Biting the Somali Bullet, May 2004.
ARTICLE 10: CITIZENSHIP
1.Every person who at the time of the coming into force of this Charter was a citizen of the Somali Republic shall be deemed to be a citizen of the Somali Republic.
2.Every person of Somali origin shall be entitled to citizenship of the Somali Republic provided that: –
(a)He/she was born in the Somali Republic; or
(b)His/her father is a citizen of the Somali Republic;
3.A person who is a citizen of Somalia under this Article cannot be deprived of that citizenship.
4. Every Citizen of the Somali Republic shall be entitled to retain their citizenship notwithstanding the acquisition of the citizenship of any other country.
5. Parliament shall within twelve months pass legislation regulating matters relating to citizenship.