Action Plan of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) on the Eradication of Statelessness 2017-2019
Source: International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR)
Globally, millions of people including many in the Great Lakes Region are stateless or at risk of statelessness. They cannot enjoy the full range of human rights. Among the causes of statelessness in the Great Lakes Region are gaps in nationality laws and policies. Even though there is no regional legal framework to address these gaps, efforts have been made by Member States of the International Conference on the Great Lakes Region (ICGLR) to resolve this problem by, for example, acceding to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and/or the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
Furthermore, Heads of States and Governments adopted the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration on Peace, Security, Democracy and Development in the Great Lakes Region on 24 November 2004 (known as the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration) and signed the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in the Great Lakes Region on 15 December 2006 (modified in 2012), under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union.
These two instruments address some dimensions of statelessness, like paragraph 68 of the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration in which States commit to “adopt a common regional approach for the ratification and implementation of the UN Conventions on Statelessness, harmonize national laws and standards, and provide refugees and displaced persons with identification documents enabling them to have access to basic services and exercise their rights. The Declaration on Peace, Security, Democracy and Development, whose crowning achievement is the entry into force of the Pact on Security, Stability and Development in June 2008, is a historic instrument and a milestone in the fight against statelessness in the Great Lakes Region. The Declaration was adopted during the first summit of Heads of States and Governments in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania from 19–20 November 2004 under the auspices of the United Nations and the African Union.
In the spirit of the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration, the August 2006 ICGLR Regional Programme of Action on Humanitarian and Social Issues, entitled “Framework for Durable Solutions to Humanitarian, Social and Environmental Issues in the Great Lakes Region” translates the commitments of Heads of States and Governments into concrete actions in the areas of human rights protection and human security. It sets out support measures the ICGLR and UNHCR can provide to Member States, in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 68 of the Dar-Es-Salaam Declaration and point 4.1.1 of the Regional Programme of Action on Humanitarian and Social Issues relating to the respect of international and regional instruments on human rights, international humanitarian law, and the issuance of identity documents to internally displaced persons, refugees and stateless persons. It includes measures which the ICGLR will adopt in order to ensure follow-up for requests issued by Member States and national implementation monitoring mechanisms at the level of each Member State.
Original plan of action (2017-19):
Extended plan of action, 2017-24, adopted at the ICGLR Ministerial Conference on the Eradication of Statelessness in the Great Lakes Region, Nairobi, April 2019:
The consolidated version of the plan was formally approved in 2020.