Source: UN Human Rights Committee
Asylum–seekers and refugees
39. The Committee welcomes the State party’s policy to accommodate within its territory large numbers of migrants and asylum seekers and its efforts to register children born to refugees from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It regrets, however, the lack of implementation mechanisms for the law on the right of asylum and refugee status adopted in 2015, including the lack of asylum procedures. It is also concerned about:
(a) Reports of mass expulsions of migrants and asylum seekers, including those in need of international protection, without carrying out the necessary individual assessments;
(b) The large number of undocumented asylum seekers and refugees owing to the suspension of registration procedures, subjecting many of them to automatic detention for alleged illegal stay in the State party;
(c) The limited access to basic social services by asylum seekers staying in reception centres and that they are obliged to stay in immigration centres, which are in poor condition, throughout the status determination process;
(d) Practical obstacles to birth registration for children born to foreigners, including refugees and asylum seekers, a situation that may render such children stateless;
(e) Continuing reports of torture, ill–treatment, detention, harassment and human rights abuses by security forces against registered and unregistered refugees, particularly Congolese (art. 2, 6, 7, 10 and 13);
40. The State party should:
g) Step up efforts to remove practical obstacles to comprehensive birth registration of all children born to foreigners in Angola, including refugees and asylum seekers;
Rights of the child
47. While noting the measures taken to increase birth registration, including by waiving registration fees for Angolan citizens for first–time applications for civil registration, the Committee remains concerned that the rate of birth registration remains very low in the State party, particularly in rural areas. The Committee is also concerned that all forms of corporal punishment are not yet prohibited in all settings. It further reiterates its concern about the practice of accusing children of witchcraft and the ill–treatment they are subjected to as a result thereof (CCPR/C/AGO/CO/1, para. 24) (arts 2, 7, 16 and 24).
48. The State party should step up its efforts to achieve universal birth registration with a view to guaranteeing children’s enjoyment of the Covenant rights and avoiding the risk of becoming stateless. In particular, it should ensure access to free registration throughout the country and strengthen such access in rural areas, including by increasing the use of mobile registration units. The State party should take practical steps, including through legislative measures, to put an end to all forms of corporal punishment in all settings. The State party should also intensify its efforts to protect children accused of witchcraft from ill–treatment and abuses, including by strengthening its awareness–raising initiatives among the population, in particular in rural areas, on the negative effects of such practice.