Nationality in Comoros is regulated by the 1979 Code de la Nationalité, modified by the relevant sections of the 2001 Constitution, which provides that no one who is Comorien by birth can be deprived of their nationality. Legislation from 2008 provides for a new class of “economic citizen” intended for those who make significant investment in Comoros.

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has noted concerns at the shortcomings in birth registration in Comoros, which prevent accurate information-gathering on children and therefore impede enforcement on protections afforded to children.