São Tomé & Príncipe

Citizenship in São Tomé & Príncipe is governed by Law n.º 07/2022 and the 2003 Constitution. The Constitution provides for all those born in São Tomé & Príncipe to be citizens, and allows both men and women to transmit their nationality to their children.  It also allows for dual nationality.

The 1990 nationality law provided very open access to nationality for those born in the territory; for most of those born outside the country, however, nationality was not acquired automatically from the parents, but depended on a declaration that the child wished to acquire nationality.

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has indicated that even though progress has been made in improving the birth registration process in São Tomé & Príncipe, certain aspects of the process need to be improved upon, such as maintaining sufficient staffing and eliminating arbitrarily-charged fees for birth registration.