Citizenship in Morocco is governed by the Code de la Nationalité Marocaine, first adopted 1958 and amended most recently in 2007 to allow women to pass their nationality to their children on an equal basis as men. This has allowed the children of women in mixed marriages to access citizenship (see Le Nouveau Code Marocain de Nationalité et Son Impact Sur les Enfants Issus de Mariage Mixte.)

The UN Committee on the Rights of the Child has welcomed the new law in Morocco on birth registration, but has urged the country to improve its birth registration procedures to ensure that 100% of births are registered.

One particular area of concern is the disputed territory of Western Sahara or the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, which Morocco claims as a part of its own country. Some Sahrawis reject Moroccan nationality; other activists have had their Moroccan passports confiscated.

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